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Côte d'Ivoire is one of the leading economy in West Africa & is a hub for business and investment. However, with increased economic activity comes a greater need for legal services. If you're looking for a lawyer in Côte d'Ivoire, it's essential to find a legal professional who can navigate the complexities of the country's legal system and provide top-notch legal advice.
When you start or run a business in Cote d’Ivoire, you are probably in need of legal help. Our network of Ivorian lawyers can assist you with legal matters from drafting a formation deed, to obtaining immigration advice. If you are in need of legal services in Côte d'Ivoire, it is important to find a qualified & experienced lawyer who can provide you with the assistance and guidance you need. A lawyer in Côte d'Ivoire can help you with a wide range of legal matters including tax, audit, compliance, advisory and related services to local and international clients. A knowledgeable & experienced lawyer in Côte d'Ivoire can guide you through the legal process and help you navigate any challenges or obstacles that may arise.
Our network of lawyer in Cote d’Ivoire provides full legal help and support to global entrepreneurs, investors or high net worth individuals.
Our Cote d’Ivoire network of lawyers is fully up to date with the latest legislative developments and the different forms of interpretation for the legal norms and regulations in Cote d’Ivoire.
Members of our Network have helped over numerous entrepreneurs, to set up companies across West Africa. Our team has primarily focused on Cote d’Ivoire laws, as well as the OHADA and International Law that might be relevant for our clients doing business in Cote d’Ivoire.
If you are planning to set up, run, or relocate your business (or its staff members) to Cote d’Ivoire, then Kafui & Partners will be your trusted legal partner.
Our Legal assistance in Cote d’Ivoire
Each company type and its Cote d’Ivoire legal requirements are unique. However, over the years, we have seen certain trends among our clients, and Kafui & Partners has shaped the services below to deal with the typical requests of global entrepreneurs and multinationals expanding to the Ivorian market:
• Corporate Law: Our partner corporate lawyer in Côte d'Ivoire can assist with any corporate matter before or after incorporation, and provide high standard legal advice;
• Litigation: Lawyers from our network legally represent your business and assist our clients who are involved in lawsuits;
• Cote d’Ivoire tax advice and tax consultancy: We inform on tax compliance, tax regulations & Provide tax planning services to minimize tax liabilities, or apply for a Tax ID (such as VAT registration in Cote d’Ivoire) or Tax Rulings (such as on Transfer Pricing);
• Company registration in Cote d’Ivoire: Drafting shareholders agreements, company formation deeds, and other corporate documents;
• Cote d’Ivoire Employment regulations and labor law: how to draft a Cote d’Ivoire employment contract (consider the rights of the employees, and liabilities of employers), using non-disclosure and confidentiality agreements and resolving employee disputes;
• International Legal Services for Trading Companies: Legal help for companies in the trade sector, our Ivorian lawyers can help with import and export regulations, customs affairs, international trademark, import certificates, and much more;
• Buying land and real estate in Cote d’Ivoire: Our Ivorian land and real estate lawyers represent clients who are planning to invest in land or property in Cote d’Ivoire or who are involved in real estate litigation.
Our Legal Services in Cote d’Ivoire
Why you should use an Ivorian lawyer
Before you set up your Cote d’Ivoire company or employ/relocate staff members it is advised to have a good understanding of the Cote d’Ivoire company laws, and the legal consequences.
Our network of Ivorian lawyers and legal consultants has experience in dealing with Cote d’Ivoire both start-ups and established companies. Kafui & Partners works in collaboration with reputable lawyers in Cote d’Ivoire, and our entrepreneurial attitude allows us to provide simple solutions, for fixed fees and without hidden (hourly) charges.
Our Cote d’Ivoire services are aimed to add value for your business and to ensure that your business grows safely, without having to focus on the legal gaps or waste money on endless reports. We focus on the problems that matter and tackle them with a practical approach.
In the first instance our experts are focussed on improving our core formation and company officer services, and to ensure that we can provide you with legal help as part of our standard services, without extra charges.
However, every entrepreneur has to deal with unexpected events, or complicated matters, for example in the case of the exponential growth of your organization. This will require an eye for detail and bespoke legal services.
As a global entrepreneur, it’s important not to underestimate the complexity of the legal system, that you have no experience with yet. There is a lot of interesting legal information available on the internet, and online standard templates might be handy. But when it comes to Cote d’Ivoire law, the devil lies in the details.
By appointing Cote d’Ivoire to assist in engaging a lawyer in Cote d’Ivoire, you avoid such scenarios, so you can focus on your business.
How can our Ivorian lawyers provide you legal help? Simple! We have developed legal products and services that allow us to provide you with a clear timeline, and a fixed fee for our full legal support in a project by engaging an Ivorian lawyer and coordinate this engagement on your behalf.
One of the first steps would be to identify your legal problems and to obtain a Legal Opinion on your situation.
Who are involved in the company formation process in Togo?In order to start a Togo business, you will deal with the following (government) ‘bodies’: A Togo Notary (in case of a private limited in the form of « Société Anonyme » or « Société par Actions Simplifiées »); Company registration authorities and Chamber of Commerce; Local Advisors (such as Kafui & Partners); Togo Tax & Customs Administration (who will issue the Tax ID). And of course, you might have to deal with any of the cofounders, or board members that you will appoint for your Togo company. Every board member, and shareholder will have to provide full cooperation in the company formation process. This means they will need to provide their passport copy and proof of address and have to get identified in person (video call) or need to provide legalised copies of their information (and signature). Company formation in Togo can be done by a single person. Even if that person is not resident. A single person can act as both director and shareholder. In case the share capital is below 15,000 EUR and the company is a private limited one, a Togo notary will not necessarily be involved in the company formation process.
What are the different types of companies (legal entities) in Togo?There are different types of commercial companies that can exist in a member state of the organization for the Harmonization of Business in Africa (OHADA) such as Togo. The Uniform Act on Commercial Companies and Economic Interest Groups governs the incorporation and general operation of these companies. LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES There are two main types of limited liability companies: the SA and the SARL. In both, the liability of each shareholder for the company’s debts is limited to the amount of his shareholding. Société Anonyme (SA) The process of incorporating an SA requires the services of notary, who authenticates each step. First, the founders of the company must publish subscription bulletins. Then at least a quarter of the share capital must be paid before the articles of association can be prepared. If there is to be a public offering the company’s shares, there must first be a Constituent General Meeting (the public offering of shares also affects the number of statutory auditors required as two are needed if there is a public offering whereas only one is needed if there is not). Once the previous steps have been completed, the company must then be registered at a local RCCM (Registre du Commerce et du Crédit Mobilier). When the company has been registered, a notice must be placed in an appropriate national legal journal or newspaper. An SA can be managed either by a managing director or by a board of directors. The key determinant as to which form of management is adopted is the number of shareholders the company has; a company with three or more shareholders must have a board of directors. The guidelines for the management of an SA are outlined in the Uniform Act. The rights possessed by shareholders are reflective of the amount of their shares. Both individuals and corporate entities can be shareholders in an SA. The Uniform Act allows a quite a large degree of freedom in allowing SA’s to create other types of securities other than shares, namely bonds and hybrid securities. The decision to increase the share capital of an SA can only be made in a (extraordinary) shareholders’ meeting (and this is the same for any decision to reduce the share capital). The process is quite similar to that of incorporation as at least of quarter of the amount of the shares must be paid following which a notarized statement of subscriptions must be made. As an SA must have a minimum capital of 10 million FCFA (and 100 million FCFA if it intends to make public offerings), any reduction of its share capital cannot result in a capital lower than this amount. Under the Uniform Act an SA cannot buy its own shares directly or through a third party. However, there are exceptions to this under the Act including where the shares are attributed to company employees. Société á Responsabilité Limitée (SARL) The process of incorporating an SARL is similar to that of the SA –the only difference being the minimum share capital amount, which in this case is in practice 5,000 FCFA, considering that the minimum value for each share in 5,000 FCFA. An SARL is managed by one or more managers (gérants) who are either appointed in the articles of association or at some point during the company’s lifespan. Like an SA, an SARL can have just one shareholder as it can be created by one or more individual or corporate organization. Shareholders have the right to vote on decisions, the right to dividends and the right to information regarding the company as well as the right to question such information. Collective decisions are made in annual general meetings–which can be called by shareholders representing at least a quarter of the shares or by a petition made to the court by an individual shareholder – or by written consultations. Where an SARL’s capital exceeds 10 million FCFA; its annual turnover is more than 25 million FCFA; or it has more than 50 permanent employees, the SARL must have at least one statutory auditor. Agreements made between an SARL and a manager or shareholder can be authorized by a two stage process in which a report in written by the relevant manageror statutory auditor,then a decision is made by shareholders representing more than half the share capitalas to whether or not the agreement will be authorized.However, agreements between the company and an individual shareholder or a manager in which the latter benefits from, this may be held void or null. UNLIMTED LIABILITY COMPANIES In addition to limited liability companies, the Uniform Act on Commercial Companies and Economic Interest Groups also provides for a number of types of companies where shareholders, or some of them, have unlimited liability. Société en Nom Collectif (SNC) Governed by the Uniform Act, an SNC is defined as a private partnership. In an SNC all the shareholders are jointly liable for the debts of the company. There is no required maximum or minimum number of shareholders and all the shares are of equal value. The manager of an SNC can be a shareholder or non-shareholder and does not have to be an individual – a corporate body can be manager. The powers and identity of the manager are usually outlined in the articles of association. In such cases, a unanimous vote is required to revoke the manager’s tenure. However, when the manager’s identity is not in the articles of association, the revocation can be done through a majority vote. In an SNC, all decisions are made either by the manager, by written consultation or by a simple majority at the annual shareholder’s meeting. Société en Commandite Simple (SCS) There are two types of shareholders in an SCS. Associés Commandités (active partners) – these shareholders are jointly (and unlimitedly) liable for the company’s debt and are identifiable. These shareholders jointly manage the company (unless otherwise stated in the articles of association). There must be at least one active partner in an SCN. Associés Commanditaires (inactive partner) – these shareholders are only liable to the extent of their contribution to the capital share and are not identifiable If a sleeping partner assumes any of the responsibilities of the active partners, the becomes unlimitedly liable. Managers generally make the key decisions and all other issues are decided at the annual shareholders meeting. Société en Participation (SP) Technically this is not a company, but rather, a joint venture between two or more partners. An SP is not registered with the RCCM and as a result, is not party to court proceedings; is not subject to collective insolvency hearing; does not have a registered office or corporate name and does not enter into contracts. However, SP’s are generally governed by the same guidelines as SNC’s in relation to the partners. Société de Fait This is an informal business relationship between two or more individuals or corporate bodies as there as the company is not formally registered. However, where the court confirms the existence of a société de fait, the guidelines relating to shareholders in a SNC are applicable. Branch Representative Office A branch registration in Togo can be interesting for entrepreneurs that already operate an overseas company. A branch registration in effect, is the registration of an overseas company, at the Togo Chamber of Commerce. This means that no separate legal entity is set up. Generally speaking, it’s easier to establish a branch, then a legal entity, because no public notary is involved in the process. Furthermore, the Company law of the overseas is applicable, which means that it’s not required to draft any Financial Statements based on OHADA and Togo law.
Things to consider before you start a Togo companyBefore starting the process of forming a company in Togo it is important to be familiar with some of the basic concepts around rules and practices related to the company registration process. The best piece of advice that we can give you, is to give a call (or schedule a call, so we can call you!) to our Company Formation officers to discuss your situation and requirements.
Which City is Best for Togo Company Formation?The most popular city for company formation in Togo is Lome. Lome is Togo’s main business hub, and many types of companies feel that it makes most sense to start a company in the economic capital city, which also attracts the greatest number of tourists and business travellers. If you would like to know more about Company Formation in Lome, contact our company formation officers in case you like to have more information or would like even to visit our office in Lome. Hence, Lome is popular for company formation by industrialist and traders. Lome has great start-up ecosystem.
What you should consider when working with an Ivorian lawyer
Calling an expert for help is typically considered as expensive, but when you deal with Kafui & Partners it’s really not! The question you should ask yourself is if you can really afford not to invest in professional legal help. What could be the costs, if you make any mistake in your corporate structuring or operations?
But make sure to select an Ivorian lawyer who can give you a full understanding of the steps to take, and the investments which are required take these steps. Kafui & Partners can help you identify the most suitable advisor and provide you with fixed fees and is focused on managing your expectations by providing you with all the right information before any legal help is provided!
Overall, finding a good lawyer in Côte d'Ivoire is an important step in protecting your legal rights and interests. With the right legal representation, you can ensure that your case is handled with professionalism, expertise, and integrity, and that you achieve the best possible outcome.
The best piece of (free) advice that we can give you, is to give a call (or schedule a call, so we can call you!) to our Legal Consultants to discuss your situation and requirements.